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Título: Modeling organic transformations by microorganisms of soils in six contrasting ecosystems: Validation of the MOMOS model
Autores: Pansu, Marc
Sarmiento, Lina
Rujano, MA.
Ablan Bortone, Magdiel
Acevedo N., Dimas R.
Bottner, Pierre
Correo Electrónico: pansu@mpl.ird.fr
lsarmien@ula.ve
mablan@ula.ve
dimas@ula.ve
Editor: Global Biogeochemical Cycles 24, GB1008,doi:10.1029/2009GB003527
Resumen: The Modeling Organic Transformations by Microorganisms of Soils (MOMOS) model simulates the growth, respiration, and mortality of soil microorganisms as main drivers of the mineralization and humification processes of organic substrates. Originally built and calibrated using data from two high‐altitude sites, the model is now validated with data from a 14C experiment carried out in six contrasting tropical ecosystems covering a large gradient of temperature, rainfall, vegetation, and soil types from 65 to 3968 m asl.MOMOS enabled prediction of a greater number of variables using a lower number of parameter values than for predictions previously published on this experiment. The measured 14C mineralization and transfer into microbial biomass (MB) and humified compartments were accurately modeled using (1) temperature and moisture response functions to daily adjust the model responses to weather conditions and (2) optimization of only one parameter, the respiration rate kresp of soil microorganisms at optimal temperature and moisture. This validates the parameterization and hypotheses of the previous calibration experiment. Climate and microbial respiratory activity, related to soil properties, appear as the main factors that regulate the C cycle. The kresp rate was found to be negatively related to the fine textural fraction of soil and positively related to soil pH,allowing the proposition of two transfer functions that can be helpful to generalize MOMOS application at regional or global scale.
Colación: 1-19
Fecha: 26-Feb-2010
País: Venezuela
Institución: Universidad de Los Andes
URI: http://www.saber.ula.ve/handle/123456789/39326
Aparece en colecciones:Articulos, Pre-prints (Instituto de Ciencias Ambientales y Ecológicas (ICAE))
Articulos, Pre-prints (Facultad de Ciencias)

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