Simultaneous nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane and ammonium oxidation processes
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Nitrite-dependent anaerobic oxidation of methane (n-damo) and ammonium (anammox) are two recently discovered processes in the nitrogen cycle that are catalyzed by n-damo bacteria, including “Candidatus Methylomirabilis oxyfera,” and anammox bacteria, respectively. The feasibility of coculturing anammox and n-damo bacteria is important for implementation in wastewater treatment systems that contain substantial amounts of both methane and ammonium. Here we tested this possible coexistence experimentally. To obtain such a coculture, ammonium was fed to a stable enrichment culture of n-damo bacteria that still contained some residual anammox bacteria. The ammonium supplied to the reactor was consumed rapidly and could be gradually increased from 1 to 20 mM/day. The enriched coculture was monitored by fluorescence in situ hybridization and 16S rRNA and pmoA gene clone libraries and activity measurements. After 161 days, a coculture with about equal amounts of n-damo and anammox bacteria was established that converted nitrite at a rate of 0.1 kg-N/m3/day (17.2 mmol day 1). This indicated that the application of such a coculture for nitrogen removal may be feasible in the near future.
|Descripción||APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Vol. 77, No. 19, Oct. 2011, p. 6802–6807. Copyright © 2011, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.|