Topical hemostatic effect of a common ornamental plant, the geraniaceae pelargonium zonale
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Geranium has been traditionally used as a local hemostatic medicine in some Andean regions, but this effect has not been tested in controlled experiments. In the present report, the leaves of a geraniaceae (Pelargonium zonale) were tested on a bleeding rat model. The bleeding time was 50% shorter in the geranium leaf juice treatment group (18.10 ± 2.03 min) and 80% shorter in the geranium crushed-leaf group (7.10 ± 0.88 min) than in the control (nontreatment) group (37.6 ± 3.04 min),p<0.0001. Bleeding time with guava (Psidium guajava) crushed leaves (39.90 ± 1.54 min) was not different from the control group. A proved hemostatic agent, gelatin sponge, had a similar effect as geranium juice (16.7 ± 3.32 min) in the same animal model.Abuffer solution atpH3 (the samepHas the geranium leaf extract) did not have any hemostatic effect, and the bleeding time (39.3 ± 2.71 min) was not different from the control group. The dilution 1:4 geranium leaf juice at pH 3 (25.6 ± 3.08 min) orpH5 (28.8 ± 3.98 min) still had a statistically significant hemostatic effect. The results confirm the hemostatic effect of P. zonale leaves and show that it is similar (geranium leaf juice) or better (crushed geranium leaves) than the hemostatic effect of a commercial hemostatic sponge. It seems that the hemostasis caused by P. zonale extract leaves is not due to its low pH. The potential benefits as a new, inexpensive, safe, and easily available natural topical hemostatic agent are discussed.
|Descripción||Artículo publicado en: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 2003;43:291-295|
|Institución||Universidad de Los Andes|