SABER-ULA, Universidad de Los Andes - Mérida - Venezuela >
Facultades >
Facultad de Medicina >
Unidades de Investigación de la Facultad de Medicina >
Grupos de Investigación >
Grupo de Investigación Multidisciplinario del Análisis del Discurso Científico >
Articulos, Pre-prints (Grupo de Investigación Multidisciplinario del Análisis del Discurso Científico) >


Título: "Backstage solidarity" in Spanish- and English- written medical research papers: publication context and the acknowledgment paratext
Autores: Salager-Meyer, Françoise E.
Alcaraz Ariza, María Ángeles
Pabón Berbesí, Maryelis
Correo Electrónico: frmeyer@cantv.net
ariza@ua.es
maryelis@ula.ve
Editor: Journal of the American Association of Information Science and Technology. Vol. 60(2), p. 307-317
Resumen: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the acknowledgment (ACK) paratext of medical research articles written in English and Spanish in three geographical contexts: Venezuela, Spain and the United States of America. We thus randomly selected 150 research papers from leading medical journals in each country. The frequency and length of ACKs, the number of named and unnamed acknowledgees, the reasons why they were acknowledged, the number of grants received and the sources of funding were recorded. The motivations that underpinned each ACK were classified according to Cronin’s (1995) and Giles and Councill’s (2004) typology. Results were analyzed by means of Chi-square tests. Our results show that ACKs from the English-language corpus are significantly more frequent and longer than those from both the Spanish and Venezuelan samples. The number of persons acknowledged and of grants received was also significantly greater in the US sample than in the two Spanish-language corpora. Differences were found in the number and types of funding sources. Moreover, in the three corpora technical/instrumental assistance was more frequently acknowledged than peers’ ideational input. A small-scale ethnographic research was conducted with Spanish and Venezuelan researchers in order to get first-hand feedback on the motivations that could lie behind their ACK behavior. We conclude that “backstage solidarity” (Goffman 1959, cited in Cronin and Franks 2006) significantly differs from one context to another and that the communicative and socio-cultural conventions of academic contributorship are not only discipline-dependent but also language- and context- dependent.
Colación: 307-317
Fecha: 2009
URI: http://www.saber.ula.ve/handle/123456789/27464
Aparece en colecciones:Articulos, Pre-prints (Grupo de Investigación Multidisciplinario del Análisis del Discurso Científico)

Archivos en estos artículos:

Archivo Descripción TamañoFormato
jasist.pdf258.23 kBAdobe PDFVer/Abrir

Todos los artículos en Dspace están protegidos con Derecho de Autor, todos los derechos reservados, a menos que se indique lo contrario.

 

Licencia Creative Commons
Todos los documentos publicados en este repositorio se distribuyen bajo una
Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 3.0 Venezuela.

Repositorio Institucional de la Universidad de Los Andes, Mérida, Venezuela - Comentarios
Software DSpace Copyright © 2002-2007 MIT and Hewlett-Packard -
DSpace Add-on Statistics of RepositóriUM © University of Minho.